Aquilaria agallocha, an important medicinal plant is one of the most widely growing species of the family Thymelaeaceae. It is a precious plant on the earth because of its spacious medicinal properties. The present review provides significant information regarding its phytochemical investigations, pharmacological activities and medicinal properties as a folk medicine to treat several diseases like inflammation, arthritis, vomiting, cardiac disorders, cough, asthma, leprosy, anorexia, headache, and gout. The plant has been reported to possess several pharmacological activities such as antinociceptive, antimicrobial, laxative, anti-oxidant, sedative, antihyperglycaemic, thrombolytic, antidiabetic, ulcer protective, anticancerous, antidiarrhoeal, hepatoprotective and CNS activities. Every portion of the plant has beneficial properties that can serve the mankind. The entire plant can be extensively studied for further future prospectives.
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